CBD Oil Scotland

CBD Oil Scotland Glossary

Glossary

Bioavailability

 The proportion of a substance that reaches the blood stream in order to have an effect. The higher the bioavailability, the greater the effect. 

Cannabinoid

A natural chemical found in Cannabis and other plants as well as our own body (Endocannabinoids). The most abundant cannabinoids being CBD and THC. There are over 100 known cannabinoids in cannabis. 

CBD

Cannabidiol. A cannabinoid found in cannabis and hemp that is used as a dietary supplement. CBD is non-psychoactive so there is no risk of feeling “high”. 

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

 natural physiological system present in humans and animals composed of cannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes. It produces, and utilises cannabinoids we have produced or consumed. There is a body of evidence for the many bodily processes underpinned by the ECS, however, research suggests that its primary function is homeostasis, or stability. 

Entourage Effect

The synergistic collaboration of cannabinoids working together to increase the efficacy of one another. Hence our belief in using whole plant extracts, as the impact of the components of the whole plant are greater than the sum of its parts. 

Full-Spectrum

A “full-spectrum” product is an oil which has been extracted from whole plant and will contain the range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids found in the plant as opposed to one isolated compound.

Hemp

Cannabis Sativa. A cannabis plant grown primarily for fiber and used to make paper, cloth, or as a food source. Usually has higher levels of CBD and little to no (<0.2%) THC. Hemp is primarily used to produce CBD supplements. 

Psychoactive

A substance which can temporarily alter behaviour, perception, mood, and consciousness through interaction with the central nervous system. 

Terpenes

Organic compounds in plants and insects responsible for their smell and taste. For example, if you breathe in the aroma of a citrus fruit like a lemon, the pleasant smell you experience is the result of a terpene called limonene. 

THC

Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, a substance found in cannabis plants. This is the primary ingredient in drug rich cannabis, and the most well-known psychoactive component in the cannabis plant. This is the chemical responsible for the cannabis “high”.

Supercritical CO2 Extraction

A popular method of extracting cannabinoids from hemp or cannabis. “Supercritical” (low temperature, high pressure) liquid carbon dioxide (CO2) is passed through a chamber containing dry plant matter or cannabis biomass, stripping the cannabinoid rich trichomes from the flowers, leaving a pure, clean extract. There is no harmful residue left as with other methods of extraction, and liquid CO2 can actually remove any contaminants from the dry plant material.

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